It is more easily accepted by the patient than removable prostheses, but certain conditions must be present for its application. After the preparation of the teeth and measuring, the procedure is completed in 3-4 sessions and in 1 week.
There are various types of prosthesis such as metal-supported ceramic (porcelain), metal-free ceramic (porcelain), porcelain laminate.
The most suitable one for your mouth will be determined by your doctor.
Fixed Prostheses: In the classical methods applied in fixed prostheses, the durability of metals as the infrastructure and the aesthetics of the ceramics as the superstructure were used while creating the prosthesis. Although this method is still used, fixed prosthesis applications, which can imitate the natural appearance with many different materials, have now been added to clinical solutions with the developing technology to meet the increasing aesthetic needs. See. Aesthetic Dentistry
Which teeth are crowns made for?
- Excessive substance loss due to caries or any other reason,
- Colored and irreversible teeth,
- To teeth with deformities,
- Teeth that have had weak root canal treatment (to prevent teeth from breaking),
- On the implant
Bridge: In the absence of one or more teeth, it is the process of reducing the adjacent teeth and filling the gaps by taking support from the special coatings that come to them.
As with the veneer, the teeth to be taken as support by your dentist are shaped and performed by performing the same procedures.
What happens if prosthesis is not made to replace missing teeth?
If the bridge is not made, the adjacent teeth of the patient and the opposing tooth in the other jaw move towards the extraction space. For this reason, impaired tooth closure leads to caries and tooth loss.
When tooth loss occurs for any reason, neighboring teeth begin to move towards this space. As a result, gingival problems in the adjacent teeth, bone loss due to tipping into this space, deterioration in aesthetics and changes in chewing forces occur. If this gap is not restored with an implant or bridge for a long time, these neighboring teeth may also be lost.
Other problems that occur as a result of missing teeth and not replacing them with prosthesis are digestive disorders and diseases caused by lack of chewing. According to the location of the missing tooth, we can count it as speech disorders and aesthetic problems.
What is the benefit of making a prosthesis for the patient?
In the prosthesis, it is aimed to regain the lost functions of the patient, at the same time to correct the deteriorated speech and to improve the aesthetic appearance.
While the oral health lost with prosthesis applications is restored, individuals who have to live with missing or destroyed teeth in the society are also supported psychologically.
This, in addition to functional disorders, causes a decrease in the sense of self-confidence in people.
Over the years, people wear out at different rates as a result of eating, chewing, swallowing and grinding their teeth at night for some reason. In addition, as a result of caries and accident, fractures occur in some parts of the teeth. In such cases, the lost structures of the teeth are replaced with prostheses called crowns or bridges.
Standard metal or precious metal alloys can be used as Substructure in a fixed prosthesis.
Precious Metal Alloy Applications
In these prostheses, precious metal alloys containing gold are used as valuable infrastructure material. Aesthetics in the superstructure is again provided by ceramic applications. These alloys are special mixtures for dentistry. . Gold is one of the most precious materials used in dentistry, which is compatible with teeth and gums. Therefore, healthier results are obtained with applications made using precious metals.
Zirconium has also started to be used as a porcelain infrastructure.
Standard Metal Alloy Applications
In these prostheses, metals specific to dentistry are used as infrastructure, which are compatible with dental tissues, have the necessary durability and can maintain health.
As a superstructure, dental ceramic is used to provide an aesthetic appearance. Standard metal alloy fixed dentures can be applied to all teeth. They also give very successful results as classical methods.
How to care for crowns and bridges?
The cleaning of your dentures is very important for their longevity. Especially all the gingival edges of the support teeth of the prosthesis should be brushed very well.
You should brush your teeth twice a day and floss once a day. This cleaning process will remove plaque made up of bacteria. The most important point in this regard is to clean the plaques in the area (sulcus) where your teeth and gums meet. To avoid breaking or damaging the crowns, it is necessary to avoid chewing hard food and objects. Again, as in any case, you should visit your dentist routinely and have it checked.