The implant is a tissue-friendly titanium, etc., which is placed in the jawbone in order to restore the function and aesthetics of the missing teeth. They are artificial tooth roots made from valuable materials.
Today, it is the first of the systems that bring the best alternative solution to natural teeth. Implant systems that can ideally imitate teeth in terms of function, aesthetics and anatomy have become frequently used.
Implant systems have become indispensable elements in gaining aesthetics with durability, both in single tooth deficiencies and in excess tooth loss. Their biggest aesthetic advantage is that they are the best alternative solution to the use of removable prostheses that cover larger palates, where small, easy-to-use prostheses such as bridges cannot be made, especially in the loss of the last teeth in the posterior region.
It is the necessity of using a palate prosthesis, which has become the fearful dream of many of us. Carrying the fear of coming out of the mouth while talking with these large volume prostheses that can be put on and taken off, the unaesthetic appearance of the connecting metals while smiling, the necessity to avoid negative experiences that may be encountered at dinner parties, cause loss of communication and self-confidence. Implant systems, which are of great importance in dentistry research in the 21st century, now give us the chance to get rid of removable palate prostheses...
Almost all dental implants used today are titanium-based. Titanium occurs as a reactive in nature. Since it adapts easily to the substance it is used with, inflammatory or allergic reactions that the body normally develops against foreign substances do not occur with titanium.
Titanium, the most tissue-friendly material known, is used in the construction of all metal-based structures placed in the body in modern medicine. Titanium-based Implants
Implant application areas
Anyone who wants to eliminate the missing teeth in their mouth and has certain criteria can be implanted. One of these criteria is the missing tooth or the condition of the bone in the area where the teeth are located. There must be sufficient bone height in this area in order for the implant to settle and hold in a sound and healthy way. In addition, the patient should have good oral care, and should not have gingival problems and a disease that may adversely affect healing. There is no upper age limit for dental implant applications. The lower limit is the years in which growth and development are completed.
The most important criterion for implant applications is the availability of bone tissue in sufficient quantity and quality in the area where it is planned to be placed. In addition, some anatomical formations should not be in a position to prevent implant placement. (You can get detailed information from your doctor about regenerative and reconstructive advanced implantology techniques applied to make the area suitable for implant placement.)
Advantages of implantology
Dental implantology, the first applications of which date back to about 30 years ago, is a method that has proven its reliability with 95% success when it comes together with correct planning, perfect sterilization and surgical technique, perfect prosthetic application.
We can list its advantages as follows:
- In conventional bridge prostheses, the damage to the teeth as a result of the reduction of adjacent teeth is prevented in implant applications.
- Losing the chance to have a fixed prosthesis, individuals who are condemned to a removable prosthesis can have fixed teeth thanks to implant applications.
- In cases of total edentulism in the upper jaw, thanks to the support of the total prosthesis (palate) with an implant, healthier prosthesis applications that do not completely cover the palate and therefore do not cause nausea and do not cause loss of taste can be performed.
- The prostheses of individuals whose prostheses move excessively in their mouths due to blurred jawbones and therefore cannot function comfortably or even cannot speak, can be stabilized by making them implant-supported.
- The resorption (melting) of the jawbones following tooth extraction is prevented to a great extent after implant applications.
- With prostheses that can function well and achieve much more aesthetic results, individuals can eat whatever they want, laugh freely, laugh, kiss, and live their social life, which they have perhaps neglected, with their regained self-confidence.
Disadvantages of implant application
In dental implant applications, a period of 6-12 weeks is needed between the start-end period. In cases where regenerative and reconstructive techniques are required, this period can be doubled. (In light of the findings obtained in recent studies, it has been understood that in some special cases, the prosthetic structure can be placed on the same day following the placement of the implant. You can get more detailed information from your dentist about this concept called 'immediate loading.)
Dental implant applications are more expensive than conventional prosthetic applications. A significant portion of the fee paid when purchasing the implant is spent on intensive studies all over the world. Implant brands that have not been thoroughly researched and have not questioned the perfection of their system are cheaper, but their reliability is not complete.
Stages of implant application
The first stage of dental implant application is the placement of the implant into the jawbone. The time required for the implant, which is completely left under the gingiva, to fuse with the bone (osteointegration) is 6-12 weeks. After the completion of this period, in the second stage, with a very small intervention, a 3-4 mm diameter valve is opened on the gingiva covering the implant and small metal supports are placed on the implant to support the artificial teeth. Routine prosthesis procedures can be started by taking measurements after 1-2 weeks to shape the gingiva.
Implant operation-pain relationship
Dental implants are placed with interventions performed using local anesthesia, which takes an average of 20 minutes per implant, where the patient is not put to sleep. For this purpose, the same amount of local anesthetic used for a simple filling to be made on any tooth in the region is applied.
After the implant operation…
Implant operation has almost the same effect on tissues as a simple tooth extraction. In order to protect the placed implant from overload, it may be necessary to feed with softer foods and liquid foods for a few days. Your dentist will make the necessary warnings in this regard.
Root canal treatment is performed under local anesthesia and pain is not felt. An entrance is made to the root part of the tooth in the jawbone through a cavity (cavity) opened to the nerve layer (pulp) of the tooth from the crown part of the tooth visible in the mouth. The nerves of the tooth are located in the canals in the root part.